Autonomic nervous system changes during Reiki treatment: a preliminary study. 

作者 (出處) J Altern Complement Med. 2004 Dec;10(6):1077-81. Mackay N1, Hansen S, McFarlane O. Institute of Neurological Sciences, South Glasgow University Hospital NHS Trust, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, UK. 

摘要 (原文) OBJECTIVES: to investigate if a complementary therapy, Reiki, has any effect on indices of autonomic nervous system function. DESIGN: Blind trial. SETTING/LOCATION: Quiet room in an out-patient clinic. SUBJECTS: Forty-five (45) subjects assigned at random into three groups. INTERVENTIONS: Three treatment conditions: no treatment (rest only); Reiki treatment by experienced Reiki practitioner; and placebo treatment by a person with no knowledge of Reiki and who mimicked the Reiki treatment. OUTCOME MEASURES: Quantitative measures of autonomic nervous system function such as heart rate, cardiac vagal tone, blood pressure, cardiac sensitivity to baroreflex, and breathing activity were recorded continuously for each heartbeat. Values during and after the treatment period were compared with baseline data. RESULTS: Heart rate and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the Reiki group compared to both placebo and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that Reiki has some effect on the autonomic nervous system. However, this was a pilot study with relatively few subjects and the changes were relatively small. The results justify further, larger studies to look at the biological effects of Reiki treatment. PMID:15674004 DOI:10.1089/acm.2004.10.1077 [Indexed for MEDLINE] 
摘要 目的: 調查是否有輔助治療、靈氣,對自主神經系統功能的指數有所影響。
設計: 盲測。 環境/地點: 診所內安靜的門診房間。 
受試者: 45 名受試者隨機分為三組。 
介入: 三種治療條件:不治療(僅休息);由有經驗的靈氣從業者治療;安慰劑治療則由一位沒有靈氣知 識的人模仿靈氣治療。 
測量標準: 心率、心臟迷走神經張力、血壓,心跳對壓力感受器的敏感性和呼吸活動連續記錄每次心跳等自主 神經系統功能的定量測量。將治療期間和治療後的值與基線數據進行比較。 
結果: 與安慰劑組和對照組相比,靈氣組的心率和舒張壓顯著降低。 
結論: 研究表明,靈氣對自主神經系統有一定影響。但是,這是一個較少受試者的試驗研究,變化相對較 小。要在更大程度上解釋這個結果,需要進一步以更大的研究來看靈氣治療的生物效果。 

標題 Effects of Reiki on anxiety, depression, pain, and physiological factors in community-dwelling older adults. 

作者 (出處) Res Gerontol Nurs. 2010 Jul;3(3):187-99. doi: 10.3928/19404921-20100601-01. Epub 2010 Jun 30. Richeson NE1, Spross JA, Lutz K, Peng C. College of Nursing and Health Professions, University of Southern Maine, Portland, Maine 04104-9300, USA. richeson@usm.maine.edu 
摘要 (原文) The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Reiki as an alternative and complementary approach to treating community-dwelling older adults who experience pain, depression, and/or anxiety. Participants (N = 20) were randomly assigned to either an experimental or wait list control group. The pre- and posttest measures included the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, Faces Pain Scale, and heart rate and blood pressure. The research design included an experimental component to examine changes in these measures and a descriptive component (semi-structured interview) to elicit information about the experience of having Reiki treatments. Significant differences were observed between the experimental and treatment groups on measures of pain, depression, and anxiety; no changes in heart rate and blood pressure were noted. Content analysis of treatment notes and interviews revealed five broad categories of responses: Relaxation; Improved Physical Symptoms, Mood, and Well-Being; Curiosity and a Desire to Learn More; Enhanced Self-Care; and Sensory and Cognitive Responses to Reiki. PMID:20635803 DOI:10.3928/19404921-20100601-01 [Indexed for MEDLINE] 摘要 (翻譯) 這項研究的目的是評估靈氣作為一種替代和補充的方法來治療社區居住的老年人經 歷疼痛,抑鬱和/或焦慮的影響。20 名受試者(N = 20)被隨機分配到實驗或對照組。前後測指標 包括漢密爾頓焦慮量表、老年抑鬱量表-短型、面部疼痛量表,心率和血壓。研究設計包括一個實 驗部分來審查這些措施的變化和描述性的組成部分(半結構化訪談),以獲得有關靈氣治療經驗的 信息。 實驗組和對照組之間在疼痛、抑鬱和焦慮方面存在顯著差異;沒有發現心率和血壓的變化。治 療筆記和訪談的內容分析揭示了五大類的反應:放鬆;改善身體症狀、情緒和幸福感;好奇心和渴 望學習更多;強化自我保健;對靈氣的感覺及認知反應。